Vladivostok is a city and administrative centre of Primorsky Krai, located in the far east of Russia around the Golden Horn Bay. The city is famous for its harbour location as the home port of the Russian Pacific Fleet and being the final stop on the Trans-Siberian Railway. Fishing and ship engineering are its primary industries, alongside energy and food production.
The name Vladivostok can be translated into ‘Rule the East’ and was dubbed the ‘Russian San Francisco’ by former Soviet leader Nikita Kurshchev for it’s rolling hills, dense fog and its mirror position on the Pacific Coast far away from the country’s capital.
Vladivostok and the surrounding coastline has developed an intriguing history in that it has been occupied by both China and Russia for significant periods of time, leading to an interesting blending of cultures.
The site of Vladivostok has been frequented by a variety of tribes spanning centuries including the Udege, Nanai, Taz (a sub-culture of intermarriage between the two tribes) and Mohe, some of which still exist today. These tribes mainly engaged in hunting, fishing and the harvesting of Ginseng while tribe leaders indoctrinated shamanism and animism as the accepted religions.
The successful conquest of the Balhae people (who occupied much of the area around present day Vladivostok), by the Liao dynasty ushered in the beginning of over 900 years of Chinese occupation through successive dynasties including the Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing to name a few. Vladivostok has been known by the Chinese since the Qing dynasty as Haishenwai.
In 1860, China handed control of the region and Sakhalin Island over to the Russians as part of the Treaty of Beijing due to China’s inability to defend the region after their loss in the Opium Wars with Britain. The same year, Alexey K. Shefner, Captain of the military supply ship Manchur, called at Golden Horn Bay and founded the site of Vladivostok. The Manza War in 1868, saw the first attempt by the Russians to expel the Chinese from the territory which resulted in retaliation by the Chinese who attacked two Russian military bases and several Russian towns around the area. Fortifications were erected in Vladivostok in the 1870’s and 1890’s in response.
1916 saw the completion of the Trans-Siberian Railway which connected Moscow to the city. Shortly after its completion, civil war broke out in Russia, with the Bolsheviks taking control of the Railway system. In response, the rebels were overthrown and the city became a staging point for Allied intervention consisting of Japan, United States and China.The Allied army collapsed in 1919 and the city was taken back by The Red Army in 1922. As the main naval base of the Soviet Pacific Fleet, the city was officially closed off to tourists during the Soviet years.
The architecture is especially remarkable because apart from few relics from the Soviet era it boasts few modern high-rise buildings. Instead the cityscape is marked by small housing from the Tsardom era. Part of the city centre is made up by Millionka, the former Chinese quarter, with its picturesque courts full of nooks and crannies. There are also many traces of the military history and museums and galleries are aplenty. Those looking to catch some fresh air will enjoy the surrounding area or a trip to Russky Island.
Russian Brown Bear
Located around 70km from Vladivostok, Primorsky Safari Park is one of the best places to see wildlife native to Russia’s far east. The Park was set up in 2007 with the aim to help wounded and sick animals, protect endangered species and provide a place for visitors to come and see animals in their own habitat. The park holds a wide variety of animals including several species of deer, boars, eagles, forest cats, wolves and the famous brown bear.
Russky Island is considered to be the crown jewel of Vladivostok and is in the pipeline to becaome a major tourist resort. The island is home to beaches, the University of Far Eastern Federal and the Primorskiy Oceanarium which is considered to be one of the top ten best maritime research centers and aquariums in the world.
Vladivostok Fortress Turret
A system of fortifications dating back as early as 1889, Vladivostok’s military fortress is now a fully fledged museum focused around the history of the Russian – Japanese war. Lovers of Russian military history cannot fail to be impressed by the substantial amount of military memorabilia and armaments that dot the exterior of the fortress.
Stuck for things to do in Vladivostok? See our full range of Vladivostok tours and excursions for tourists by clicking the button below.
Although in the remote parts of Russia’s far east, Vladivostok is one of the most important and gastronomically diverse places in the country. Tourists will have a wide range of locations to choose from ranging from high-quality seafood restaurants to American-inspired diners and gastropubs. We have put together our top 3 recommended bars and restaurants in Vladivostok:
The Cat & Clover is a popular music bar taking influence from a traditional American diner. The bar is ordained with records from some of the biggest names in music from the Beatles to Bon Jovi, and regularly hosts live music from local jazz and swing groups. The bar is located in the heart of Vladivostok’s city centre and is a must-visit for music lovers.
The Cat and Clover is open 12:00pm until 05:00am Thursday and Friday, and 12:00pm until 03:00am Saturday to Wednesday.
The HolyHop gastropub is a favourite of tourists and locals alike. Located just north of Vladivostok harbour, the bar features an industrial-style interior and an impressive selection of craft beers and fast-food that are perfect for a more relaxed evening.
Holy Hop is open 12:00pm until 02:00am 7 days a week.
Located on the south bank of the Zolotoy Rog in Vladivostok’s famous harbour, HUNTER is the perfect place to go for a casual drink and spectacular views over the Vladivostok skyline. This restaurant / lounge bar offers a spectacular selection of Italian food paired with a variety of wines. The restaurant interior is classy, yet relaxed and the bar regularly hosts live music to entertain guests.
HUNTER is open 12:00pm until 02:00am Monday to Friday, and 10:00am until 02:00am Saturday and Sunday.
Located less than 5 minutes away from Vladivostok’s Dinamo Sports complex, Millionka is the best place to go for food with added flair. The restaurant prides itself on delivering a unique culinary experience, intricately blending European and Asian design with Russian and Asian cuisine.
Restaurant OGONEK is a specialist seafood restaurant tucked away to the North of Vladivostok city centre. The restaurant has a calm and cosy atmosphere and is perfect for seafood lovers. We recommend trying the chef’s special, the elusive Kamchatka Crab.
Supra Meore is renowned for being one of the best places to eat in Vladivostok. Located South of the Zolotoy Rog outside the busy city centre, this restaurant has established a strong reputation as the go-to place for Georgian and Caucasian cuisine.
Vladivostok’s location by the sea means that the annual cycle is marked by a monsoon climate. Fog is mostly present during the spring, which tends to be rainy. Precipitation is likely in the summer, but normally passes in form of short showers.
The best time of the year to visit Vladivostok is autumn with its warm, dry and sunny climate. Compared to the harsh conditions in Siberia, the winter is surprisingly mild and temperatures rarely ever fall below -20°C.
Vladivostok lies in picturesque scenery. It is surrounded by bays, islands and many canals as well as the hills, where the landscapes of the north and the south meet. Northern pine trees or oak woods grow next to ginseng and other plants usually associated with South East Asia. Two bridges mark the cityscape: The Zoloty Rog Bridge, which spans the Golden Horn Bay, and the Russky Bridge, which is the world’s largest cable-stayed bridge connecting the mainland with Russky Island. The island is a former military base and now a popular weekend retreat for hiking, cycling and swimming.
Vladivostok has seen a slight incline in population numbers from approximately 590,000 in 2010 to 605,000 as of 2018.
Vladivostok time zone:
Vladivostok uses Vladivostok Time (VLAT) which is is ten hours ahead of Universal Time (UTC).Approximate distance from Vladivostok to other major cities:
Vladivostok is exceptionally well placed to travel to many countries in the far East, the city’s geographical detachment from any other economic and cultural hubs located in Russia and the closeness to China, Japan and Korea have formed a unique culture different from other Russian cities. Here we have included an approximate distance in kilometers to major capitals of China, North Korea, Japan and Russia.
Moscow, Russia: 9200km.
Beijing, China: 1335km.
Pyongyang, North Korea: 685km.
Tokyo, Japan: 1070km.
Vladivostok offers a truly unique experience in a place where Western and Eastern cultures meet. Its historical charm and beautiful natural surroundings will appeal to those looking for a city break, as well as travellers who enjoy the hiking, cycling or walking outdoors.
Despite of its far-off location Vladivostok is well-connected with both the West and the East. The most famous means of transport is through the Trans-Siberian Railroad that connects it with Moscow, but also with China and Mongolia.
The only airport is located about 30 kilometres from the city centre and is served by the major Russian airline, Aeroflot. Flying in from neighbouring countries is also an option; Tokyo is only an hour and a half away. Airport transfer is available via bus and train. A taxi is an option as well, though tourists could expect to overpay for the transfer.
There are also ferries running to and from Japan and South Korea or buses to north eastern China.
Here, we have included a short list of some of the most common questions we get asked from travellers looking to visit Vladivostok:
You can find many hotels in the heart of Vladivostok city centre, and the best hotel for you will depend on your reason for travelling and your budget. You will find a wide range of low-mid range hotels as well as hostels for backpackers. The Lotte Hotel boasts a fantastic central location, dining area, event / conference space and indoor pool for guests wanting a more luxurious experience.
If you are travelling for business for corporate events or are planning a celebration or wedding, the Novik Country Club is a great option. This hotel is located in a prime waterfront location of Russky Island and is a short distance away from the University and Oceanarium.
See our full list of Vladivostok hotels for more information.
Vladivostok is approximately 9200km away from Moscow. Moscow to Vladivostok by train will usually take between 6 to 7 days on the Trans-Siberian train route or 8-9 hours by plane without any stops.
Vladivostok has moderate levels of crime just like any city, however so long as you take the usual precautions you would in any city you shouldn’t have any problems. Busy tourist areas such as train stations, bus stations and airports often attract petty crime to a greater extent that other areas, therefore you should always aim to move out of these areas as soon as possible when arriving at your destination.
The distance between Vladivostok and Pyongyang, North Korea is approximately 685km. Although travel to North Korea is prohibited for most foreign nationals, it may be possible to fly to Pyongyang from Vladivostok airport, or get the train from Khasan, north of Vladivostok. You should always make sure that you have arranged your trip into North Korea before travelling.